TGV ? French high speed train

TGV
by Shawn Clover

TGV ? French high speed train

The TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse) is France\’s high-speed rail service, currently operated by SNCF Voyages. It was developed during the 1970s by GEC-Alsthom (now Alstom) and SNCF. Although originally designed to be powered by gas turbines, the TGV prototypes evolved into electric trains. The network, centered on Paris, has expanded to connect cities across France and in adjacent countries. It set the record for the fastest wheeled train, reaching 574.8 km/h (357.2 mph) on 3 April 2007 and for the fastest scheduled rail journey with a start to stop average speed of 279.4 km/h (173.6 mph) in 2009.

 

The TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse) is France\’s high-speed rail service, currently operated by SNCF Voyages

 

Although originally designed to be powered by gas turbines, the TGV prototypes evolved into electric trains

 

The success of the first line led to an expansion of the network with new lines built in the South, West, North and East of the country. In 2007, SNCF made profits of €1.1 billion (approximately US$ 1.75 billion or £875 million) driven largely by higher margins on the TGV network.

 

The success of the first line led to an expansion of the network with new lines built in the South, West, North and East of the country

 

The TGV was the world\’s fourth commercial high speed train service and third standard gauge high speed train service after Japan\’s Shinkansen, which first connected Tokyo and Osaka on 1 October 1964, Russian ER200 around 1984 and Britain\’s Intercity 125, which entered service in 1976. On 3 April 2007, a modified TGV POS train reached 574.8 kilometres per hour (357.2 mph) under test conditions on the LGV Est.

 

High Speed Trains (TGV) Map

 

The TGV opened to the public between Paris and Lyon on 27 September 1981. Contrary to its earlier fast services, SNCF intended the TGV service for all types of passengers, with the same ticket. SNCF also started a major publicity campaign focusing on the speed, frequency, reservation policy, normal price and broad accessibility of the service towards the promotional slogan “Progress means nothing unless it is shared by all”.

 

Employees work on a TGV high-speed train car at the Alstom-Transport

 

Further LGVs have opened: the LGV Atlantique (LN2) to Le Mans (operation in 1989); the LGV Nord-Europe (LN3) to Calais and the Belgian border (operation in 1993); the LGV Rhône-Alpes (LN4) to Valence (operation in 1992); and the LGV Méditerranée (LN5) to Marseille (operation in 2001). High speed lines based on LGV technology connecting with the French network have been built in Belgium, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.

 

First Class accomodation on TGV

 

The TGV was considerably faster than normal trains, cars, or aeroplanes. The trains became widely popular, the public welcoming fast and practical travel.

 

TGV cabin

 

 

Related links:

The world\’s most high-speed trains

HighSpeedTrain Between Madrid and Barcelona Cuts Into the Air Shuttle Service

Hengshui Rubber Company To Catch High-SpeedTrain Project

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